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Current Research

Leadership Perceptions

How do we identify an individual as a leader or a follower?  Theory and research has established that individuals have preconceived notions – implicit theories – about which traits and behaviors typically are associated with leader and follower categories.  We study the content and structure of implicit theories and their importance for the leadership process.

 

Leadership Emergence

We take a process-oriented perspective of examining how one or more individuals are recognized as leaders in groups.  By conceptualizing leadership as a fundamentally dyadic phenomenon emerging over time, we investigate the interplay of individual actors, dyads, team, network, context and time in the co-production of leadership.  

 

Team Dynamics

We use a multilevel, longitudinal, pattern-oriented approach to study team states, such as cohesion. We focus on projects that study newly formed teams over time, with a specific emphasis on the role that individual differences play in this dynamic process.

 

Gender & Leadership

We investigate the impact of gender on leadership perceptions. as well as ways to enhance women’s leadership outcomes when faced with “Think Leader, Think Male” stereotypes. Such stereotypes undermine women’s beliefs in their own leadership abilities and may prevent them from seeking out leadership opportunities. The ILT lab investigates processes of countering these stereotypes and methods of encouraging women to engage in leadership activities. For instance, providing female role models is one way to counter these leader stereotypes and encourage women to take up leadership role.


Leadership Behaviors

We investigate how leadership processes unfold over time by taking a functional behavior perspective for leader and follower interactions.  By examining the claiming and granting of leadership, we are able to investigate shared leadership and predict if a person is likely to perceive another as a leader or follower based on his/her implicit theories and actual observed behaviors.

 

Leader Development

We investigate the relationship between leader development and stress.  Specifically, we examine how situational factors and individual differences related to leadership skills and capacities interact to influence stress perceptions and physiological reactivity.


Person-Oriented

An emerging trend has been to consider how leadership is experienced, as a whole, from the perspective of individual leaders and/or followers.  The person-oriented approach examines combinations, patterns, or profiles of attributes – within individuals – and the implications for leadership process.  

 

Leadership & Measurement

As the field of leadership research changes over time, the measurement of leadership constructs and theories also adapt. We are working to continually improve how leadership perceptions and other processes are measured to keep up with the dynamic nature of the leadership field. Specifically, we are adapting leadership scales to more precisely align with conceptual definitions of leadership and followership processes.  .

 

Investigating Interdisciplinarity

We couple the field of I/O Psychology with the study of interdisciplinarity. Relevant projects focus on predictors and outcomes associated with employing interdisciplinary and diverse individuals, teams, and networks within (educational) organizations.