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Bruce Friedman

Bruce Friedman

Faculty, Department of Psychology
Faculty, Biological Psychology
Faculty, Mind-Body Lab


  • 1992 Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA
  • 1989 M.S. in Experimental Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA
  • 1985 B.A. in Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH


  • Psychophysiology of anxiety, emotion, and personality
  • Analysis of heart rate variability and autonomic nervous system activity
  • Mind-Body interactions and health

Courses Taught

  • 6954 - Emotion, Stress, & Health
  • 6954 - Polyvagal theory
  • 6954 - Biopsychology of Emotion
  • 5294 - Psychophysiology
  • 4064 - Physiological Psychology
  • 4014 - History and Systems in Psychology
  • 2064 - Nervous Systems and Behavior
  • 2054 - Psychology of Personality


  • Yang, X., Jennings, J.R., & Friedman, B.H. (in press) Exteroceptive stimuli override interoceptive state in reaction time control. Psychophysiology.
  • Condy, E.E., Scarpa, A., & Friedman, B.H. (2017). Respiratory sinus arrhythmia predicts restricted repetitive behavior severity. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. Advance online publication. doi:10.1007/s10803-017-3193-2
  • McGinley, J.J., & Friedman, B.H. (2017). Autonomic specificity in emotion: The induction method matters. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 18, 48–57.
  • Spangler, D.P., & Friedman, B.H. (2017). A little goes a long way: Low working memory load is associated with optimal distractor inhibition and increased vagal control under anxiety. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 11, 1-15.
  • Yang, X., & Friedman, B.H. (2017). Individual differences in behavioral activation and cardiac vagal control influence affective startle modification. Physiology & Behavior, 172, 3-11.
  • Allen, B., & Friedman, B.H. (2016). Threatening the heart and mind of gender stereotypes: can imagined contact influence the physiology of stereotype threat? Psychophysiology, 53, 105-112.
  • Thayer, J.F., Sollers, J.J., Friedman, B.H., & Koenig, J. (2016). Gender differences in the relationship between resting heart rate variability and 24-hour blood pressure variability. Blood Pressure, 25, 58-62.
  • McGinley, J.J., & Friedman, B.H. (2015). Autonomic responses to lateralized cold pressor and facial cooling tasks. Psychophysiology, 52, 416-424.
  • Spangler, D.P., & Friedman, B.H. (2015). Effortful control and resiliency exhibit different patterns of cardiac autonomic control. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 96, 95–103.
  • Friedman, B.H., Stephens, C.L., & Thayer, J.F. (2014). Redundancy analysis of autonomic and self-reported responses to induced emotions. Biological Psychology, 98, 19-28.
  • Patriquin, M.A., Scarpa, A., & Friedman, B.H. (2013). Physiological assessment. In B.D. McLeod, A. Jensen-Doss, & T.H. Ollendick (Eds.), Diagnostic and behavioral assessment in children and adolescents (pp. 219-239). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
  • Patriquin, M.A., Scarpa, A., Friedman, B.H., & Porges, S.W. (2013). Respiratory sinus arrhythmia: A marker for positive social functioning and receptive language skills in children with autism spectrum disorders. Developmental Psychobiology, 55, 101-112.
  • Allen, B., & Friedman, B.H. (2012). Positive emotion reduces dyspnea during slow paced breathing. Psychophysiology, 49, 690-696.
  • Friedman, B.H. (2010). Feelings and the body: The Jamesian perspective on autonomic specificity of emotion. Biological Psychology, 84, 383-393.
  • Friedman, B.H., & Kreibig, S.D. (2010). The biopsychology of emotion: Current theoretical, empirical, and methodological perspectives. Biological Psychology, 84, 381-382.
  • Stephens, C.L., Christie, I.C., & Friedman, B.H. (2010). Autonomic specificity of basic emotions: evidence from pattern classification and cluster analysis. Biological Psychology, 84, 463-473.
  • Vella, E.J., & Friedman, B.H. (2009). Hostility and anger-in: Cardiovascular reactivity and recovery to mental arithmetic stress. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 72, 253-259.
  • Knepp, M.M., & Friedman, B.H. (2008). Cardiovascular activity during laboratory tasks in women with high and low worry. Biological Psychology, 79, 287-293.
  • Wan, L., Friedman, B.H., Boutros, N.N., & Crawford, H.J. (2008). Sensory gating and attentional performance. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 67, 91-100.
  • Wan, L., Friedman, B.H., Boutros, N.N., & Crawford, H.J. (2008). The influences of gender and smoking behavior on schizotypal personality and cognitive failure. Personality and Individual Differences., 44, 425-435.
  • Friedman, B.H. (2007). An autonomic flexibility-neurovisceral integration model of anxiety and cardiac vagal tone. Biological Psychology, 74, 185-199.
  • Vella, E.J., & Friedman, B.H. (2007). Autonomic characteristics of defensive hostility: Reactivity and recovery to active and passive stressors. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 66, 95-101.

    Bruce Friedman

Office Hours

by appointment