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Martha Ann Bell

Martha Ann Bell

Faculty, Department of Psychology
Faculty, Developmental Science
Faculty, Biological Psychology
Faculty/Consultant, Child Study Center
Director, CAP Lab


  • since 2010 --- Professor of Psychology, Virginia Tech
  • 2001-2010 --- Associate Professor of Psychology, Virginia Tech
  • 1996-2001 --- Assistant Professor of Psychology, Virginia Tech
  • 1993-96 --- Visiting Assistant Prof of Psychology, Univ of South Carolina
  • 1993 --- Research Associate, Child Dev Research Lab, Univ of Maryland
  • 1992 --- Ph.D., Human Development, Univ of Maryland
  • 1983 --- M.S., Child and Family Studies, Univ of Tennessee
  • 1978 --- B.S., Home Economics, Carson-Newman College


  • Developmental changes in brain-behavior relations during infancy and early childhood; developmental cognitive neuroscience and developmental psychophysiology (executive function, emotion regulation, EEG, ECG); individual differences in development; integration of cognition and emotion in early development.

Courses Taught

  • 6944 - Advanced Topics in Developmental Psychology (different topic each time; spring 2014 - "Early Development of Self Regulation")
  • 5544 - Cognitive Development ("Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience")
  • 4034- Advanced Developmental Psychology (infant & child; cognitive development theory/research & social development theory/research)


  • Bernier, A., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (in press). Longitudinal associations between the quality of maternal parenting behavior and brain development across infancy. Child Development.
  • Blankenship, T., O’Neill, M., Ross, A., & Bell, M.A. (in press). Working memory and recollection contribute to academic achievement. Learning and Individual Differences.
  • Cuevas, K., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (in press). To Stroop or not to Stroop: Sex-related differences in brain-behavior associations in early childhood. Psychophysiology.
  • Howarth, G.Z., Fettig, N.B., Curby, T.W., & Bell, M.A. (in press). Frontal EEG asymmetry and temperament across infancy and early childhood: An exploration of stability and bidirectional relations. Child Development.
  • Perry, N.B., Swingler, M.M., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (in press). Neurophysiological correlates of attention behavior in early infancy: Implications for emotion regulation during early childhood. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology.
  • Marcovitch, S., Clearfield, M.W., Swingler, M.M., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (early on-line publication, 2015). Attentional predictors of 5-month-olds' performance on a looking A-not-B task. Infant and Child Development. doi: 10.1002/icd.1931
  • Perry, N.B., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (early on-line publication, 2015). Indirect effects of maternal sensitivity on infant emotion regulation behaviors: The role of vagal withdrawal. Infancy. doi:10.1111/infa.12101
  • Deater-Deckard, K., Li, M., & Bell, M.A. (early on-line publication, 2015). Multi-faceted emotion regulation, stress, and affect in mothers of young children. Cognition and Emotion.doi:10.1080/026999931
  • Chen, N., Bell, M.A., & Deater-Deckard, K. (2015). Maternal frontal EEG asymmetry and chronic stressors moderate the link between child behavior problems and maternal negativity. Social Development, 24, 323-340.
  • Cuevas, K., Rajan, V., Morasch, K.D., & Bell, M.A. (2015). Episodic memory and future thinking during early childhood: Linking the past and future. Developmental Psychobiology, 57,552-565.
  • Lukowski, A.F., & Bell, M.A. (2015). On sleep and development: Recent advances and future directions. In M. El-Sheikh (Ed.), Sleep and development: Advancing theory and research. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 80(1), 182-195.
  • Patriquin, M., Lorenzi, J., Scarpa, A., Calkins, S., & Bell, M.A. (2015). Broad implications for respiratory sinus arrhythmia development: Associations with childhood symptoms of psychopathology in a community sample. Developmental Psychobiology, 57, 120-130.
  • Rajan, V., & Bell, M.A. (2015). Developmental changes in fact and source recall: Contributions from executive function and brain electrical activity. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 12, 1-11.
  • Spangler, D.P., Bell, M.A., & Deater-Deckard, K. (2015). Emotion suppression moderates the quadratic association between RSA and executive function. Psychophysiology, 52, 1175-1185.

    Martha Ann Bell

Office Hours

During Fall semester 2015:
(most) Mondays 3:00-4:00
Tuesdays 8:00-9:00
Thursdays 11:00-12:00
Thursdays 2:00-3:00
(most) Fridays 9:00-10:00