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Martha Ann Bell

Martha Ann Bell

Faculty, Department of Psychology
Faculty, Developmental Science
Faculty, Biological Psychology
Faculty/Consultant, Child Study Center
Director, CAP Lab


  • since 2010 --- Professor of Psychology, Virginia Tech
  • 2001-2010 --- Associate Professor of Psychology, Virginia Tech
  • 1996-2001 --- Assistant Professor of Psychology, Virginia Tech
  • 1993-96 --- Visiting Assistant Prof of Psychology, Univ of South Carolina
  • 1993 --- Research Associate, Child Dev Research Lab, Univ of Maryland
  • 1992 --- Ph.D., Human Development, Univ of Maryland
  • 1983 --- M.S., Child and Family Studies, Univ of Tennessee
  • 1978 --- B.S., Home Economics, Carson-Newman College


  • Developmental changes in brain-behavior relations during infancy and early childhood; developmental cognitive neuroscience and developmental psychophysiology (executive function, emotion regulation, EEG, ECG); individual differences in development; integration of cognition and emotion in early development.

Courses Taught

  • 6944 - Advanced Topics in Developmental Psychology ("Early Development of Self Regulation"; "Developmental Affective Neuroscience"; "Cognition-Emotion Interactions in Early Development"; "Developmental Psychophysiology"; "Frontal Lobe Development and Effortful Control")
  • 5544 - Cognitive Development ("Infant Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience")
  • 4034- Advanced Developmental Psychology (taught with a focus on infant & child cognitive development theory/research and infant & child social development theory/research)


  • Atzaba-Poria, N., Deater-Deckard, K., & Bell, M.A. (early on-line publication, 2016). Mother-child interaction: Links between mother and child frontal EEG asymmetry and negative behavior. Child Development.
  • Bacher, L.F., Retz, S., Lindon, C., & Bell, M.A. (early on-line publication, 2016). Individual differences in eye blinking: Relationships to working memory and frontal EEG asymmetry. Infancy.
  • Li, M., Deater-Deckard, K., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (early on-line publication, 2016). Getting to the heart of personality in early childhood: Cardiac electrophysiology and stability of temperament. Journal of Research in Personality.
  • Swingler, M.M., Perry, N.B., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (early on-line publication, 2016). Maternal behavior predicts infant neurophysiological and behavioral attention processes in the first year. Developmental Psychology.
  • Bell, M.A., Ross, A.P., & Goodman, G. (2016). Assessing infant cognitive development after prenatal iodine supplementation. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 104, 928s-934s.
  • Bernier, A., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (2016). Longitudinal associations between the quality of maternal parenting behavior and brain development across infancy. Child Development,87, 1159-1174.
  • Blankenship, T.L., O’Neill, M., Deater-Deckard, K., Diana, R.A., & Bell, M.A. (2016). Frontotemporal functional connectivity and executive functions contribute to episodic memory performance. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 107, 72-82.
  • Cuevas, K., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (2016). To Stroop or not to Stroop: Sex-related differences in brain-behavior associations in early childhood. Psychophysiology, 53, 30-40.
  • Deater-Deckard, K., Li, M., & Bell, M.A. (2016). Multi-faceted emotion regulation, stress, and affect in mothers of young children. Cognition and Emotion, 30, 444-457.
  • Howarth, G.Z., Fettig, N.B., Curby, T.W., & Bell, M.A. (2016). Frontal EEG asymmetry and temperament across infancy and early childhood: An exploration of stability and bidirectional relations. Child Development, 87, 465-476.
  • Joyce, A.W.., Kraybill, J., Chen, N., Cuevas, K., Deater-Deckard, K., & Bell, M.A. (2016). A longitudinal investigation of conflict and delay inhibitory control in toddlers and preschoolers. Early Education and Development, 27, 788-804.
  • Marcovitch, S., Clearfield, M.W., Swingler, M.M., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (2016). Attentional predictors of 5-month-olds' performance on a looking A-not-B task. Infant and Child Development, 25, 233-246.
  • Perry, N.B., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (2016). Indirect effects of maternal sensitivity on infant emotion regulation behaviors: The role of vagal withdrawal. Infancy, 21, 128-153.
  • Perry, N.B., Swingler, M.M., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (2016). Neurophysiological correlates of attention behavior in early infancy: Implications for emotion regulation during early childhood. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 142, 245-261.
  • Smith, C.L., Diaz, A., Day, K.L., & Bell, M.A.(2016). Infant frontal EEG asymmetry and negative emotional reactivity as predictors of toddlerhood effortful control. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 142, 262-273.
  • Wang, Z., Deater-Deckard, K., & Bell, M.A. (2016). The role of negative affect and physiological regulation in maternal attribution. Parenting: Science and Practice, 16, 206-218.
  • Whedon, M., Perry, N.B., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (2016). Changes in frontal EEG coherence across infancy predict cognitive abilities at age 3: The mediating role of attentional control. Developmental Psychology, 52, 1341-1352.

    Martha Ann Bell

Office Hours

Fall 2016
Mondays 11:00-12:00
Tuesdays 9:00-10:00
Fridays 2:00-3:00
and by appointment