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Martha Ann Bell

Martha Ann Bell

Faculty, Department of Psychology
Faculty, Developmental Science
Faculty, Biological Psychology
Faculty/Consultant, Child Study Center
Director, CAP Lab


  • since 2015 --- Affiliated Faculty in Human Development, Virginia Tech
  • since 2014 --- Professor of Health Sciences, Virginia Tech
  • since 2012 --- Professor of Basic Science, VT Carilion School of Medicine
  • since 2010 --- Professor of Psychology, Virginia Tech
  • 2001-2010 --- Associate Professor of Psychology, Virginia Tech
  • 1996-2001 --- Assistant Professor of Psychology, Virginia Tech
  • 1993-96 --- Visiting Assistant Prof of Psychology, Univ of South Carolina
  • 1993 --- Research Associate, Child Dev Research Lab, Univ of Maryland
  • 1992 --- Ph.D., Human Development, Univ of Maryland
  • 1983 --- M.S., Child and Family Studies, Univ of Tennessee
  • 1978 --- B.S., Home Economics, Carson-Newman College


  • Developmental changes in brain-behavior relations during infancy and early childhood; developmental cognitive neuroscience and developmental psychophysiology (executive function, emotion regulation, EEG, ECG); individual differences in development; integration of cognition and emotion in early development.

Courses Taught

  • PSYC 6944 - Advanced Topics in Developmental Psychology ("Developmental Affective Neuroscience"; "Early Development of Self Regulation"; "Cognition-Emotion Interactions in Early Development"; "Developmental Psychophysiology"; "Frontal Lobe Development and Effortful Control")
  • PSYC 5544 - Cognitive Development ("Infant Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience")
  • PSYC 4034- Developmental Psychology (taught with a focus on infant & child cognitive & social development theory/research)


  • Crandall, A.A., Ghazarian, S.R., Deater-Deckard, K., Bell, M.A., & Riley, A.W. (accepted). The interface of maternal cognitions and executive function in parenting and child conduct problems. Family Relations.
  • MacNeill, L., Ram, N., Bell, M.A., Fox, N.A., & Perez-Edgar, K. (in press). Trajectories of infants’ biobehavioral development: Timing and rate of A-not-B performance gains and EEG maturation. Child Development.
  • Norton, A., Ulrich, C., Bell, M.A., & Cate, A. (in press). Mathematics at hand. The Math Educator.
  • Marcano, J.L., Bell, M.A., & Beex, A.A. (2018). Classification of ADHD and non-ADHD subjects using a universal background model. Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, 39, 204-212.
  • Blankenship, T.L., Keith, K., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (2017 early on-line publication). Behavioral performance and neural areas associated with memory processes contribute to math and reading achievement in 6-year-old children. Cognitive Development.
  • Joyce, A.W., Friedman, D.R., Wolfe, C.D., & Bell, M.A. (2017 early on-line publication). Executive attention at age 8: Concurrent and longitudinal predictors and individual differences. Infant and Child Development.
  • Perry, N.B., Dollar, J.M., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (2017 early on-line publication). Developmental cascade and transactional associations among biological and behavioral indicators of temperament and maternal behavior. Child Development.
  • Scarpa, A., Ashley, R.A., Waldron, J.C., Zhou, Y., Swain, D.M., Dunsmore, J.C., & Bell, M.A. (2017 early on-line publication). Side by side: Modeling dyadic physiological linkage in strangers. Emotion.
  • Atzaba-Poria, N., Deater-Deckard, K., & Bell, M.A. (2017). Mother-child interaction: Links between mother and child frontal EEG asymmetry and negative behavior. Child Development, 88, 544-554.
  • Bacher, L.F., Retz, S., Lindon, C., & Bell, M.A. (2017). Individual differences in eye blinking: Relationships to working memory and frontal EEG asymmetry. Infancy, 22, 150-170.
  • Broomell, A.P.R., & Bell, M.A. (2017). Inclusion of a mixed condition makes the day/night task more analogous to the adult Stroop. Developmental Neuropsychology, 42, 241-252.
  • Deater-Deckard, K., & Bell, M. A. (2017). Maternal executive function, heart rate, and EEG alpha reactivity interact in the prediction of harsh parenting. Journal of Family Psychology, 31, 41-50.
  • Gartstein, M.A., Prokasky, A., Bell, M.A., Calkins, S.D., Bridgett, D., Braungart-Rieker, J., Leerkes, E., Cheatham, C., Eiden, R.D., Mize, K.D., Jones, N.A., Mireault, G., & Seamon, E. (2017). Latent profile and cluster analysis of infant temperament: Comparisons across person-centered approaches. Developmental Psychology,53, 1811-1825.
  • Li, M., Deater-Deckard, K., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (2017). Getting to the heart of personality in early childhood: Cardiac electrophysiology and stability of temperament. Journal of Research in Personality, 67, 151-156.
  • Swingler, M.M., Perry, N.B., Calkins, S.D., & Bell, M.A. (2017). Maternal behavior predicts infant neurophysiological and behavioral attention processes in the first year. Developmental Psychology, 53, 13-27.
  • Walsh, A.M., Duncan, S.E., Bell, M.A., O’Keefe, S.F., & Gallagher, D.L. (2017). Breakfast meals and emotions: Implicit and explicit assessment of the visual experience. Journal of Sensory Studies, 32, e12265.
  • Walsh, A.M., Duncan, S.E., Bell, M.A., O’Keefe, S.F., & Gallagher, D.L. (2017). Integrating implicit and explicit emotional assessment of food quality and safety concerns. Food Quality and Preference, 56, 212-224.

    Martha Ann Bell

Office Hours

Spring 2018
Mon 3:00 - 3:50; 5:15 - 5:45
Wed 8:00 - 9:00; 5:15 - 5:45
Fri 9:00 - 10:00
and by appointment